Rivista Anarchica Online



For a Isa perspective

Reflections on the book "Free from civilization," Enrico Manicardi.

It is very important that in the libertarian and then hopefully begin to spread elsewhere this political perspective that might be the turning point theory and in practice the maze of current movements of the alternative.
Unfortunately, I note a lack already in the literature where this is not Mason's book "A world wrong" Sonda Editions. In fact, this lack is also where you start in the initial all, the current disastrous civilization, with the advent of agriculture about 10,000 years ago, after a long period of collectors - hunters.
In reality, this approach does not dig deep enough in the past and especially in this way does not give the reasons why the assumptions of the passage.
In time bins - the hunter is not the original one million years of life in harmony with the ecosystem, but it is a passing phase which prepared the advent of agriculture and livestock and that is around 20/25 thousand years ago, that is, 10/15 thousand years before the advent of farming and agriculture (homo sapiens sapiens appeared about 50,000 years ago now). This is demonstrated by various clues, including the study of the composition of the bones, confirming that the diet and the components were subject to only those folders and that the minimum intake of animal protein represented by an occasional and limited the "scavenging", ie the cleaning up the carcasses of small dead animals found in the district, however, the hunting of large prey may not have appeared together in the collection, but necessarily at a time much later, just as clearly demonstrated by recent historical and paleontological data (as well as from our own morphology motor with prehensile hands, to collect fruits and roots, and intestine from the digestive tract from the teeth, which are not suited for food animals).
The beginning of the hunt would have been a male reaction to a bullying female role that was based on two aspects: at the time was not known male participation in reproductive function that is designed exclusively for women, and secondly the women then, as even then, were the repositories, although not exclusive, the ancestral knowledge of the collection, and knowledge of plants and land (see the burning of "witches", that is the ancestral knowledge of herbal, just as an example), and, finally, it would enable a coherent explanation of the many discoveries of female statuettes of fertility, "forgotten" in the male academic reconstructions of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, consciously and unconsciously defending patriarchy based on the myth of the great male hunter.
The male to overcome this gap invent a dangerous activity and somehow heroic, full of mystery (rites) and exclusivity to recover prestige and role.
This attempt to gain a predominant role is a high price because that way the boys break the harmony and relationship with other animal populations, which until then had been a source of wonder first) and observation for the superior physical ability and the ability to adapt and overcome difficulties.
From this act of violence comes the guilt Manicardi also mentioned in the book, which gives birth to many rituals of repair procedures that persist today in many populations studied by anthropologists.
From here, therefore, the ideology of domination, breeding, agriculture, religion, inequality and injustice, that is all that is in both books brilliantly illustrated (capitalism capita, number of heads of cattle owned, pecunia by pecus, sheep, etc.)..
Apart from the construction of Mason I also recall that about two million years ago began the use of flint (technology) and about a million years ago the use of fire to cook also collected wild grains and the earliest forms of baking With all that entailed in terms of socializing with the culture of the fire, the separation of roles and the management of daily times.
I introduce these elements to highlight how the birth, however, recently, the first technical means humanity has not substantially changed the reality of millions of years earlier, while the act which caused the imbalance with the launch of anthropocentrism and development of civilization / capitalism has been violence, subjugation and exploitation of other animals, which symbolically passed from being considered distinct individuals belonging to other tribes or groups to mere resources with farming, hunting in this path symbolically breaks relationship and the perception from the start and equal to all practices of subjection to put humanity at the top of the biosphere. The various techniques of fire and flint did not lead to the same result, namely the disruption of the previous Over millions of years, as is hunting.
This in a nutshell and some of Mason's book is much more comprehensive, but that I would like to raise the political issue is that the central node , the theoretical perspective that moves the book is that ofof thought and movement Isa , thinking that ocuses on anthropocentrism of the criticism of civilization and self-centeredness as is done in the book of Manicardi.
The error originated from the starting patriarchy was born precisely to break with the hunting, a footing of equality with the rest of the populations of different species and then the horizontal position in the universe of human nature, replacing it with the vertical-top-. This prepared the ground for farming and agriculture and all that in both books is very well explained, ie discrimination of various species, gender, skin color, sexual orientation, social class, ecological destruction, etc., etc. .
What I wonder is whether this lack of consideration of the perspective Isa is only the result of ignorance or extreme attempt to avoid the profound consequences of this approach that undermines the human from its dominant position and in particular the attempt to "save the steak "still some way to assert the ethical legitimacy of discrimination against other animals (and thus would also explain why, once again, the reading of anthropological and paleontological data is managed in order not to debate in depth the founding myth of the hunt , still speaking of hunter-gatherers as if the combination exists from the beginning and not from a very recent one as of 20/25 thousand years ago, participating, then at a later date, limited, women or not ).
Unfortunately this is not a secondary element to the criticism of civilization because it is true as written in the prologue, which is needed to turn practice consistent theoretical roots of the deep conviction that they are creating, the construction of these basic needs to go to dig deeper and deeper also trying to formulate answers to why after millions of years there has been this change.
In this way, going to the roots, you can build the most effective practices in the here and now, because even if you eliminate the contradictions of technological civilization but there is still anthropocentrism, human society proposes, however, new forms of domination: the two elements are closely related, this is the setting Isa and anti-anthropocentric.
It is useless to try to overcome the delusion of contemporary civilization, if not eliminates the founding act of this delirium, which has placed the human being at the center of the universe in a position of dominance over any other of the existent1.
One of the immediate practice is, for example, the choice of vegan, which already represents a big step in the direction of a company from other civilizations and this with a simple everyday person that does not involve expenditure of active choices: not only eat other animals and their derivatives, and from there everything else.
It is not, just as it is written in the book, the absolute consistency, but a simple gesture, effective and economical for ourselves (health), other humans (world hunger, education for nonviolence and respect for others) and the 'environment (deforestation, greenhouse gases, groundwater, etc.)..

The book "Free from civilization"is important but we need the courage to go even further: not by chance Diamond in "Guns, Germs and Steel", speaks of hunter-gatherers, Manicardi of hunter-gatherers, in fact our predecessors for millions of years have been collectors and only if we find our way should be taken into account, because the exploitation and violence on the forms of terrestrial life will never allow even non-human to build a new humanity and a better world.
I hope I have made a useful contribution to reflection.

Luca Bino

A society that exceeds the ideology of human domination and violence, would be more likely technological responses harmonious (see flint and fire at the origin), with the construction of a libertarian society, which should necessarily be based on the total rethinking of the current civilization and its origins: it is possible to think of a horizontal society, for example, in the presence of technology can not be controlled by communities, such as phones, computers, airplanes, etc.. etc..? The application is for enthusiasts of the technology like the Internet, which ... "Open spaces of freedom", but are controlled by whom? It is certainly difficult, as is clearly written in the book Manicardi, but you have to start thinking and practice on course, albeit tiring, whenever possible (do not eat animals, eat organic, move by bike, recycling, urban gardening, creating community rural, turn off your cell phone, television, meet in person instead of on the internet, etc.. etc., to build already in every daily gesture the libertarian society of equality of justice). Everything from thoughts and invent.


Governments are not fault tolerant

Discussing the production of energy, happened to me to explain why I think it is preferable a distributed peer to peer system, rather than a central one. In this case, the comparison was between the idea of mass production of energy by large power plants (nuclear, for example), compared with that of the independent production of energy by individual users, using solar or wind power, and the subsequent redistribution of excesses on the common network.
The second system is, in my opinion, largely preferable for two reasons. The first is that the decentralized, distributed and self-managed, allows for greater independence and freedom for users. They will be much less dependent on the will and the administration of a single government agency. The second reason is the fault tolerance. If the network was built in a timely manner, ensuring that the distribution of the energy produced in excess is properly balanced, the fall of a single node is offset by the work of other network nodes. Each node contributes a small part in the production of energy. One could say that it would have little "power" over the whole system, and is instead the contribution of all the nodes to highlight the amount of energy sufficient to power everything you need. Consequently, the fall of a single node, in virtue of its low power and its low influence on the entire system, does not cause the fall and would be compensated by the load balancing.
Who has experience or knows the functioning of the peer to peer networks, will have further confirmation on this way of understanding the networks. There are known cases of networks governed by central servers, which have fallen because of the seizure, the closure of these servers, or elimination of many of the arbitrary content (Napster, various FTP servers and file-sharing Web sites, videos and music ) Or which have serious security problems for your users (ed2k), while they survive better, those of a fully distributed (Kademlia, Gnutella, Freenet, and BitTorrent to a lesser extent). In all these cases, wherever there is a centralization of information and thus power, increases the risk of falling, and with it the risk for all the many people, being deprived of the service.
In all these cases, the importance of fault tolerance, also known as fault tolerance, derived from the assumption that it is not sufficient to ask whether a failure will never happen, and then work to prevent that to happen, but instead to assume that failures occur always the question becomes when and how to save in those cases. Management which focuses on the idea, will try to avoid as much as possible the fall of the central government, the server, fortifying and defending it as much as possible. Many resources are then used for the preservation and maintenance of it, because an error or failure would affect the entire network and all users. Choosing the second idea the other hand, favors the survival of the network and service continuity for users, which would be equal between them, both users and producers. This is done to avoid too much weight to assign to a few individual nodes and distributed with appropriate rules and balancing workloads. The aim is to make a mistake or a fault on a single or isolated groups of nodes, will not spill the entire network and therefore on the users.
From this, we can go a step further and use the same paradigm for observing the organization of society. The central government companies are more similar to a management client-server (client-supplier). More than a centralized government powers, the more totalitarian, and the more it needs to strengthen and protect your core. A large part of resources will be used to maintain sufficient power and running the center of the system. The reason has already been explained, in case of error or failure or drop it, the whole network and individual users in danger of foundering and the interruption of services. Individuals in fact, would be as simple clients, customers exactly, users, consumers of the service, without the possibility of contributing to the system or change it, because they are not "designed", or educated, to do so. From the standpoint of fault tolerance, this type of management is very weak. As written, it is preferable to give some the opportunity to error - humanly natural and inevitable - and design the network of relationships so that it can survive and users in case of failures and errors. It does this by making the users of the peer or peers, who are both users producers. It will tend to equality between them, so that the individual can increase its power. If it happens, too many others to become addicted to them and the network is unbalanced. In case of error or failure, a greater number of people it would harm. This type of organization partly by direct democracy, until you get anarchy. Going in the opposite direction, to a greater accretion of power and influence on the network by individual nodes, it would pass, and then, through a representative democracy, up to the totalitarian governments.
From these ideas, we come to the conclusion that the organization of such government is less and less preferable than direct democracies at least, due to a reduced ability of fault tolerance. :-)

Stefano Stoffella
(Rovereto – Tn)


Welcome in Alcatraz

Squeezed his eyes in the glare of light. In a few minutes the sun would have risen and the mist from the rooftops to the east, flickering like a tangled ball of fire in the dense morning moisture vapor. But even before its rays appear to hurt the view, and from nine till five o'clock in the evening he darted ruthless, high, relentless, lasting through the curtain of fog. the gray walls of reinforced concrete, the maze and tunnels leading into sections and cells, everything would be covered with a blinding white light shooting pain, unbearable to the eye. Eight hours of torrid heat, with no escape, ed'umidità oppressive, because the Italian Alcatraz, the island of Diablo, is the wetter the penal colony of Italy, because of the cold sea current. It flows around the coasts, cliffs and sharply cools the air, causing the formation of a cloak of fog that will not lose ever rain. It seemed as distant, distant, unattainable coolness of the night, the blaze of light morning insomnia. Not before eight o'clock in the evening straining his eyes in the fog to the west, I saw the orange disc of the sun plunge into the vapors of the sea behind the island of Corsica. Among eleven hours.
An eternity.
I walked away from the window and went back to sit in the corner still in shadow. Although the air inside the chamber was already heating up, I still had about a quarter of an hour of shade and coolness on irrompesse before the light from the window in any corner. This was (it was one?) of the best times of the day to reflect. I glanced at the pile of books sitting on the bedside table next to me: no, now I did not want to read. Then, the heat, desperate to kill the boredom of hours. But these last few minutes of breathing air were as precious as gold: one had to spend it well. Thinking. Yes, I think, even if it would hurt me. In fact I could not think about my present situation without experiencing the thrill of horror of those who hangs on the brink of the abyss. Yet at this indefinable magic of early morning, when all seemed a dream or a nightmare was still possible to break the shackles of anxiety and roam freely in the fields of mind. Illusion?
Maybe. After all that was evil. What harm is there to dream a bit ', to forgo the close of this, among the gulls and the men of General of the Church, if that would give me the strength to keep going until the evening? And that evening, finally, the dark and the cool, others thought they would come back with hope, other dreams. My world would stop for a few hours later. Until the next morning.
  Yet how much time I had available to write, if nothing else. When I got Pianosa, a captain of the police along with a sergeant of the guards, he said Cobianchi ... Welcome to Alcatraz. Already much time I had available for writing. And I, I I considered a writer, I ought to treasure the opportunity being offered to me.
Instead, I could not write anything, I could not put down even a thought. I remembered reading in a book of Tocqueville, the anguish of the writer, a prisoner of bad weather on a tiny island of Sicily, was not able to write a line. Tocqueville told of having always thought that, among that of all the prisoners, the situation of the writer was still the most fortunate that, armed with paper, pen and plenty of time, he could turn into a serenity which the sentence had been condemned. But he confessed that the evidence of these facts had shown false fantasies: he had not taken into account that the bulk of the writer is not the time but the mood: and the mood of those who are caught in a trap does not favor literary creation ... does not favor either the memories, I thought thinking. The world's first, not my world, it seemed so unreal, now that I had left until 2014. Contrary to what I had always thought, the distance is not made most vivid memories: on the contrary, it faded. I struggled even to revise the image of my closest friends, as people who have loved me in my life I've had, because I was 15 years in the orphanage. It all seemed so remote and unlikely, like a mirage, like the Mont Blanc or Monte Rosa, in a variety of excursions that I had admired and loved. As my own youthful dreams as a writer, lawyer, or journalist. From below I heard a human being agitated and confused shouting of a neighbor cell. So were nine.
In a few moments he would hunt down the merciless sun that from my last refuge. It was to begin my long, daily agony. Once, the year before, having nothing to do I had stopped to consider a canary in a cage. It was a tiny wooden cage with two small troughs on the wall opposite, and even a swing that hung from the roof. Perhaps twenty centimeters across. It was early morning, as now, and soon the cage would have been expended by the sun, but then still lingered in the shadow of the sloping roof on the white wall which was hanging. The creature, constantly hopping from one end: the tiny swing leaped from there to the water reservoir, turned quickly, went back to rest on a swing and landed on the feed tray, then back again. The space was so minimal that he could never fully open its little wings and moved almost only in hops. And so ... I thought for all day, every day for life. And every day at sunrise, the nightmare would be resumed. Twelve hours of sunshine and sweltering heat, in which jump from one wall to another, however, remain almost stationary. The men, these animals too stupid or too cruel, admired the yellow plumage of the beast, his graceful movement, and its sweetest song ...! A song of despair, which only their ears and their hearts of stone could behear pricked and even admired . My God, I thought, looking at the small cage and his tireless prisoner in there and if there was a man?
The sun came to rest in my corner and I collected the memories. With a glance measured the cell two meters by three. A pall of unspeakable filth hiding the floor. Through the bars of the window increased the buzz of prisoners dell'Alcatraz Italian, French-Italian cayenne. This was my universe for several months, and was, for who knows how many, perhaps tens, hundreds, maybe thousands. The police at the request of the Church's general orders and the Directorate-General of the Institute of Prevention and Punishment of Rome, I had "differentiated" and I ended up with gangsters and terrorists.
I raised my eyes to the sky: a sun flickered pale and ill in a curtain of humidity. I began to measure the cell with the steps, back and forth as the bird of my memories. So I walked for an hour to two hours, all day. And so tomorrow. And the next day. And every day, perhaps forever.

Pino Cobianchi
(jail Don Bosco, Pisa)


Against politics politician

Thank you for having published, in issue 5 years 40 June 2010, pp.96-97, the intervention of Franco Bifo "Berardi, a character who does not live only with memories, although it has an illustrious history behind it. As someone now be placed in an area far enough politically agree with everything he writes "Bifo" (I was almost never happened in the past, but I do not think this is important).
Important to underline the need to "fight for Europe 02, for a new concept of the process that is based on the power of intellectual work on the financial control of the Central Bank, " the reproach against "Racism is ignorant of Schengen, where it is also important In addition to afore pars destruens, construens that of a "new Europe just on friendship and creativity " (cf. ibid.) I do not think you will never see anything like it, but the 'concrete utopia biting on the story "must continue to be, to goad even those of friendship, creativity, intelligence SODDING it, even considers them serious obstacles to achieve their goals ... and of course their bearers.
But how to achieve something similar, in front of and against the "terrible Moloch (calculated tones is no coincidence, for that these institutions is a real and terrible dictatorship) of the European Central Bank and the IMF (International Monetary Fund)? Evidently, the only answer is, in fact may be, the difficult construction of an economy other alternative. An alternative that maybe we would only self-management, but which will inevitably be "plural", with no type COOP cooperatives (ie, with profits directed one way, various usury, in short, what we learned in the last year of Mr. D'Alema & Co. ..), the self-attempts-at least, mixed economy, excluding the "status", not only in principle, but from experience, since the catastrophic experiences of nationalization made in Italy gave rise only to super-wagons equipped and intrigues between economics and politics, whose history we still refuses to investigate thoroughly, to ill-concealed interest, not to mention the holes "sensational" that resulted.
I agree, of course, the need to restore the primacy of society and political economy, but the same, that the economy is not an indispensable factor. Against the ghost of the old-Marxist "subdeterminazione ultimately" the economy (the term is Althusser) is not needed to bypass the same, at the risk of imploding, but, in fact, to "play"or else, just stop it "the First Cause "(this is actually an ambiguous concept mentioned above), yet implemented, so that" friendship "and" creativity "are his true main sources of inspiration. And just what, beyond generous efforts also aired on "A " (good Andrea Papi, but also many others, but also in the "Papiano" Towards a new humanism anarchist, Zero for Conduct, Milan, 2009, to 'economy Dear Andrea ... just mentioned, the next book, then ...I know that you are not an "economist", but considering the solemn corners of many "economists", you throw yourself arena!) and poor and my general remarks in this and an earlier (in the same issue 5, pp. 93-94) to say and do a lot, worth a resounding "bath", which is certainly not the best way to go to extra, where when I say "we" I mean a "broad front" which can not be limited to certain groups, but include those who "can not imagine. "
But, beyond the detection of a wide frente y ancho "(long and wide, that is), I think, in fact, we should seek those who are disappointed with the" political politician "who does not recognize itself in the macro-ideology of Schengen With its parameters crazy, who does not like "two fronts"or (now the "centrist" ... sometimes they come back, unfortunately ... in Italy the center has always stood out, yes, but for total inertia) . Dethrone the "king of fools" (roi de cons ", the French version more" hard "and praying-Georges Brassens): This is the program. But the king of fools is not a person nor an array. You cross, in fact, really.

Who does not want the power of the banks, finance, economy really want instead of cooperative, self-management in power, those who want social justice does not set in a fictitious and foolishly, indeed fake (as was / is in the scope of "communists") the true freedom to roam, no media in the dung of each side ... , who always refuses the war, without limitations "defense" by the Constitution (and too often misunderstood pour cause), it is recognized in a program of this type. Without giving in, however, the dangerous sirens of the 'anti-politics ", which is only " anti ", whereas each instrument, and / or civil liability is" political "in the sense of the management of" polis, "city-society (translated with "state", but it is said that we should do it, because "society" translates very well the lemma).
To everyone / all those people who wish to speak on this, I just do it.

Eugen Galasso


Dear Antonio Cardella / 1

Antonio Cardoso's article appeared on A-anarchist magazine this month at least stimulate a debate. The concluding part of Antonio, that-now more than ever-anarchism should be emphasized in the concrete and visible actions, is widely shared, we would say desirable and necessary. Antonio from a reasoning, however, may be a ground for comparison. Therefore the answer. He complains that the modern anarchist proposal still relies on old characters (authoritative) that have shaped the history of anarchism, pointing to the television broadcast of John Minoli 'When anarchy is' showing anarchism (with all limits of a medium speed), focusing on the usual Bresci, Sacco and Vanzetti, the anarchists of the Spanish civil war. So let's start from this point.
Meanwhile, we felt it was an exceptional event (and was) the fact that an episode of 'We are History' will be dealt with anarchy, with all its limitations-as we said, and his omissions. Must really take note of this, it's not every day or even every year that a national TV talk of anarchy in terms of history and far from commonplace. Precisely because of this, we think it is fat that runs the mere fact that the Italians contemporary visiting Brescia, Malatesta, Lucetti ... that is, those who unjustly Antonio puts 'in the lunar landscape of a civilization buried'. If all goes well, but it should really go well, the Italians of today are hardly aware of Bakunin, maybe only heard about, let alone Failla.
On the other hand, we understand Antonio Cardella. Who is responsible for a life of anarchy, nausea certainly try to listen to the usual 'old' information. But we must be aware that the majority of Italians, those 'old' anarchists are a real novelty. And since the anarchist ideal is ageless, for many people it would be illuminating to read a discovery such as the anarchist program in 1919.
Here, on this blog think it necessary to speak also of the fathers of anarchism, start with the basics, to fashion consciousness more aware. We must realize that the anarchist struggle today is to take place at the level of knowledge of issues libertarians. E 'already fortunate to understand the Italians that anarchy is not chaos and violence.
That said, we absolutely agree with Antonio Cardella on the need to show anarchy. It should come out by the elite, open seats, mix again, should make a correct propaganda (as did 'the old anarchists'), explain the principles of anarchism. And you have to do it now, because we feel this urgency dictated by the need for solidarity and social justice, vital elements that are too long stifled. There is also the need to counter the propaganda of denigration (anarchists always good as a scapegoat for every state violence). The company should return to hear and then to reconsider the anarchist ideal. If almost one hundred years ago the newspaper 'Nova Humanity' drew tens of thousands of copies, competing head to head with the most renowned newspapers, now 'A', though influential, has become a weekly present in only a few newsstands in some cities (provided prejudice to the subscription). So what? Welcome are the conferences and public debates, websites and blogs, but most of all a strict design presence in the territory to be translated into terms of concrete help, visible and palpable. Take, for example those who suffer in hospitals or in prisons, the unemployed, the homeless, those who have been branded as 'illegal' and is forced to survive by hiding. Come on in suburban neighborhoods to talk, to discuss, let's go there every day. There is much to do, the list is long.

The ‘Italiani Imbecilli’ Team


Dear Antonio Cardella / 2

In "Exit the tunnel. But how? "appeared in the"A" in November, Antonio Cardella writes that when it comes to proposals to move from reporting to stutter and find themselves anarchists also" involved in the difficulty of giving concrete guidance and practical. "Yet in many circumstances they are the ones best qualified to give such directions, if we think that today's movements, such as ecology, borrow from the anarchist method without realizing it.
Certainly there are environmentalists who advocate legislation and coercive measures. But the real essence of the environmental movement is the awareness that the solution of environmental problems is mainly entrusted to the sum of individual behavior volunteers of all members of society, who act against their immediate self-interest in the name of the interest of all humanity.
Now, I put the phrase in italics is simply a succinct description of how anarchist, so for a century and a half we were compatible as naive utopians. And while this method has become at once realistic and sensible, not only do not acknowledge the ascendancy of anarchism, but ironically the same ecological problem is taking the turn to blame the common people, guilty of the crime of eating too much, rather than the logic of capitalist profit, that this pattern of consumption is the source.
Here is a land on which the anarchists, not only should not stutter, but they can in their own right to cry out loud to claim authorship of their methods and give battle to the anti-capitalist environmentalist address that it should have.

Davide Turcato
(Vancouver – Canada)


Who saves?

Everyone is scrambling to take an interest and learnedly quibble about who will be at this time of crisis, the successor to Berlusconi as if this was a problem. Maybe too 'I would consider it a problem if I believed that this was the usual cyclical market crisis, financial, economic crisis and still to be resolved' inside of this system.
The point is that this, and the capitalists, I think they know it very well, is not a crisis but is simply a final gasp of capitalism. Final jolt, though perhaps not organized directly by them and allows for the attempt (this "they") to give a direction to prepare the future we want to achieve. Of course, this makes it as something far more dangerous than simple market crisis. The purpose of this system does not mean that what they are can be better prepared for the 'humanity. I see that the capitalists, those who hold the wealth, power and especially the control of the means of power (which are always string string weapons, religions and media) are preparing for something that could make no or very little hope.
The signals in this direction are numerous and visible to everyone. The new racism, the new fascism are based and the new hedonism generate collusion, connivance, complicity and corruption all the elements that produce the destruction of values that, at least from the time of Greece, tried to drive the 'humanity towards the future. All human rights, individual and collective, set out or recognized by the law are under the scrutiny of which has nothing to do with the laws in that draws its strength from its protection.
In fact, every law appears in the viewfinder of power. In some countries (like Italy ') seems easier to achieve this goal, nor is it appropriate to list the signs in this sense, in others the path is slower now but the path is traced. Even the economic laws, the simplest are to be eliminated or overcome (as is often said). Even in this case it is unnecessary to be listed. What is astonishing is the 'inability to read the signals.
The signals in this direction are numerous and visible to everyone. The new racism, the new fascism are based and the new hedonism generate collusion, connivance, complicity and corruption all the elements that produce the destruction of values that, at least from the time of Greece, tried to drive the 'humanity towards the future. All human rights, individual and collective, set out or recognized by the law are under the scrutiny of which has nothing to do with the laws in that draws its strength from its protection.
In fact, every law appears in the viewfinder of power. In some countries (like Italy ') seems easier to achieve this goal, nor is it appropriate to list the signs in this sense, in others the path is slower now but the path is traced. Even the economic laws, the simplest are to be eliminated or overcome (as is often said). Even in this case it is unnecessary to be listed. What is astonishing is the 'inability to read the signals.
For example, the 'University: Gelmini is believed that the reform is only due to an economic factor? How can you not understand that it is focusing on private universities, or at least, dear to pre-select, simply by economic strength, to be admitted. The new leadership will take to the right of inheritance. Some may still believe that right-thinking people in power today will submit to any right of a real meritocracy and competition that is to the detriment of their children?
And again: the primary means to defend the states from the threat of debt, I contend, is not underwrite financial commitments from countries outside, but to make, first known who are the creditors.
In any normal market situation where there is a big debtor, the most interested in helping the debtor's creditors who are just using every care to avoid the crack that would reduce to zero their credit. And to do that you upload to extend payment terms, reduce the interest charge, part of the funds so remitted. because it is basic economic law, in the much loved market system, which is wrong to give credit to those who lost their money and good night. Plus, if someone had decided to intervene to save the debtors (and not the debt) would expect that had occurred or nearly occurred on bankruptcy, only then take action to creditors as possible with less money and then be able to finance the rapid recovery of the poor debtors .
In the case before us does not happen at all this. Creditors, on the contrary, they threaten to bankrupt the left and right and those who say they want to help the poor debtors make it fast forward. Why?
Suppose I were the owner of a bank: let's call it "What beautiful beautiful beautiful beautiful bank and my bank is to be aggrieved, say, of 'Ireland. What do I do? I ask all 'Ireland Immediate payment of what he owes me? But if I do so there is a risk of losing money. But if I were a banker "creative" would consider it better to start using my newspapers and television to convince my leaders (who may elect or I appointed myself) that the situation is serious, that if it fails the 'Ireland fail us all, and it is therefore particularly interest of the people, ie the public, even if temporary, seeking employment or already unemployed (without the 'Ireland has already failed)) that the State had loads of this debt.
Now I wonder if you know the name of the creditor and the government wants to commit the resources of its budget (by cutting jobs, services, etc..) Irish to pay the debt and that this money is going to finish my "What a good Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful bank "that is, to me, what would happen? Maybe someone would have something to say and not too political Correctly?
Happily this can be repeated for all countries. So it's not the case that people know who they are before you pay these creditors? And when I say people, I tell people, not the Prime Minister, MPs, bankers and so on.
The citizens pay and citizens need to know to whom they go, these maybe their money without being paid a penny in taxes. (Pardon, a Euro) And nobody is saying that these creditors are all in tax havens so we can not identify. Just for this reason that those who pay or guarantee debts, enact laws to prevent their nation to pay without being identified, without a doubt, the owners of those companies' paradise. "
But not the owners who have taken over in recent days. All owners who have followed the foundation of the retail payment and following in reverse the path of credit.
Sure, but if you want to save the poor debtors debt, namely credit ...

Angelo Tirrito


The suicide of Monicelli, the rhetoric of Binetti

We received the news in late November. One of the greatest Italian was thrown from a window in which he was admitted to the hospital, waiting for a cancer death.
The time has fled, the end came suddenly, the images of a gray silhouette on a sidewalk on a cold dawn lined up behind our eyelids, blurred, bleak, abrupt, evanescent. We did not know, we could not judge the length of service choices made by a man facing death is only one day and decides not to prolong any agony, to escape the fate anticipating.
Of course, we could judge our country, "a tiny little country" (the phrase headline the tribute to Monicelli Alternativa libertarian), in which he opposes the idea that sick people can plan their terminal care and end his own death . With dignity, without obligation, without pressure. Together with friends and at the same medical staff. An "end " of society?
Perhaps the idea of dying for Monicelli around with different faces was unbearable, or ironically have imagined a death ceremony: the show of authority for a final farewell, the journalists under the windows, flowers and services to be ready before the salaams including those who could not stand. It would have been that, in the Italy of Life Live the dream scenario of the programmed death of a famous director? The ability of 'imagine the timing, sequence, and architect of the scenes is its director.

But deluded us, if we believed that only true friends and her loved ones could also judge this final judge. No, there was someone else who had to judge: Mrs Paola Binetti (Member of UDC, the intervention of December 1, 2010), from the benches of Parliament.
For her, any death that is not that of the person placed on a hospital bed, surrounded by compulsory treatment, profusely until its last legs, is worthy of human beings. Must live.
It is a must, until the evil created by unnatural causes and often human (not the death of cancer on the rise?) may bring us, helped by the medicine that prolongs the coils, to his last breath. "That gesture is a gesture of despair and loneliness is a gesture that has accumulated in the hospital ... and we may not have realized what he was depressed. There she noticed how deep this existential sense of loss ... "proclaims Binetti deciding that death itself will not contain despair ... and if the 'we have are the psychotropic drugs and restraints?
Evidently she must have already personally experienced death many times, it was reincarnated and remember. Based on experience which otherwise can say with such certainty that the face of death is no proof or despair, or that the director was desperate when he chose to die? Of-hope: do not have hope, not despair, maybe the announcement that the inability to treat estimated more than an evil beyond his, our limit?
Nay more: Did not determine who wants to put an end to the pain and anguish and decides to take over his fate? Is not this a determination, equal in dignity to those who wait, not to lose even a second, a moment of an eye, a glimmer of lucidity?
In memory of armed Binetti are carefully erase all data in the world who say that there are many experiences to help death, assisted suicide, which she later summarily include the term "euthanasia". And many, many other cases of persons receiving care, loving or not, up to a painful conclusion that artificial and just did not want. Perhaps in his mind is wiped out martial gesture of annoyance and despair of his old Pope, who says he whispered to closed Vatican "let me die. "
"Monicelli died alone, because we left him alone, for they left only his friends." Here is the sentence Binetti, is a condemnation of his friends (My friends or his?) and the same director who did not want According to her, or been able to keep them for hazards.
But it is not obscene, inhumanity, the case publicly, from the banks of the country's largest political stage, the private life of a man? What intelligence, gossip or chatter Buvette relies Binetti to decree on the choices of friendship Monicelli? That injustice is just a woman in this male-dominated institution and with these gentlemen, to having to show!
"Please finish this, finish this, these are desperate men, not a gesture of freedom, is an act of loneliness, is an act of loss, is an act that condemns us all."
And therein lies the point: Binetti is a public body, which is why so much exercise in immodesty.
If anyone with the silly decisions that the state of which he is a Catholic spokesman was unable to check, for her it is a defeat.
It is not a question of friendship or of humanity, and those that care "to be near elderly" who then mentions dressing of compassion, is a question of control.
Fades into the background and then (but you already knew), the man Monicelli, what matters is that it reaffirms that no one wants to die like in a country where until recently it was believed the resurrection of the dead officer. You expect to be maintained in good condition for the Glory of God, that's why the Premier is a true believer, underneath he is a Catholic with his hair dyed iron ready for the Judgement of God.
"... these are desperate men, " Binetti if he believed in the existence of the soul, so to speak Monicelli? Of course not, nor is it in the plural include a list of famous suicides, so the director is really dead to you, as a private name and a personality to whom you can talk like old stuff, so Binetti objective Monicelli without fear of being judged by him in what should be a beyond belief. It's amazing how the imagination of some believers from the soul and post-mortem is so dry, not at all on the wing of the best films made by directors there were materialists.
And as humanity, which the Catholics as Binetti become champions, to be better represented in art as in life by those sinners who were once buried in the "land desecrated. "
It seems as if the Faith is a finish freezing. Binetti is very cold in Monicelli to recognize the ability to represent humanity, "making us smile pushing our limits and probably also a kind of self criticism ... constructive, " but it is clear that for her the end of the film should be ... "the building ". There was a time when the Italians were also idiots, migrants, petty thieves, sell-smears, gypsies ... De Sica's stories, like those of Monicelli saw the Italians every day. Now, however, declined the spectrum of distance, fear, opinion, from the Italian reality. Mind you, not that we should not judge, especially themselves, but here the aim has far eclipsed the means, now is judged through the intermediary of gossip, and has spoken (or shouted) before even opening his mouth.
The same "compassion" has taken on a cold and a riot of color tone vendor. "Just believe that freedom is dying because someone does not give you a hand. I believe that we must recover this a different challenge to reach out to those who suffer ... ", so:

it is an approach to the Binetti to the wall, the one between her and the feelings of people who will always be mediated by Creed, the Pater, and especially from a faith of cement. Because she is the one that suffers, she is the one who goes to meet.
Pro-secular rhetoric in parliamentary debate that there was enough: too hasty, too convinced of a certain assumed heroism, too worried about the Catholic vote for the Democratic Party really say how things are in this country of hypocrites in which, it is true, true friends often recognize them just when they give you a hand in the corridors of hospitals facts as nightmares. And maybe give you a hand just to die in peace. We are not surprised that Binetti build its wall of silence on these judgments.
It would have been nice to see the parliamentary scene ruined by a wire laundry that, slowly, slowly, from any window, scroll to block the view, thanks to the clothes hung out to dry.

Francesca Palazzi Arduini
(Fano – Pu)


Our black funds

Giampaolo Pastore (Milano) 20,00; Aurora e Paolo (Milano) ricordando Amelia e Alfonso Failla, 500,00; Ivano Sallusti (Guidonia Montecelio – Rm) 10,00; Pino Fabiano (Cotronei – Kr) ricordando il compagno Spartaco, 10,00; Enzo Francia (Imola – Bo) 20,00; Antonino Pennisi (Acireale – Ct) 20,00; a/m Andrea Papi, rivista “Eutopia” e Comunisti libertari (Atene – Grecia) 30,00; Zeno Pinemonte (Costermano – Vr) 10,00; parte del ricavato della festa in ricordo di Franco Pasello, il 14 novembre 2010, alla Cascina Torchiera (Milano) 141,18; Claudio Neri e Gabriella Gianfelici (Roma) 20,00; Tony Gei (Piovene Rocchette – Vi) 30,00; Paolo Facen (Feltre – Bl) 20,00; Simone Gatti (Borgo Valditaro – Pr) 10,00; Rinaldo Boggiani (Rovigo) 50,00; Karen Kante (Pianoro – Bo) 20,00; Umberto Lenzi (Roma) 25,00; Gino Perrone (Brindisi Casale – Br) 20,00; Roberto Guidi (Forlimpopoli – Fc) 15,00; Gianni Pasqualotto (Romano d’Ezzelino – Vi) ricordando Marina, 200,00; Rolando Paolicchi (Pisa) 10,00; Girolamo Digilio (Roma) 20,00: Ivano (Milano) 100,00; Nicola Piemontese (Monte Sant’Angelo – Fg) 20,00; Gianpiero Perlasco (Ivrea – To) 61,00; Luigi Natali (Donnas – Ao) 20,00; Angelo Tirrito (Palermo) 100,00; Franco Aceti (Bergamo) ricordando Giovanni Gualdi, 1.000,00; Andrea Zen (Galliera Veneta – Pd) 15,00.; Simone Zanchini (San Leo – Pu) 5,00; Michele Zorzetto (Jesolo – Ve) 20,00; Saverio Nicassio (Bologna) 20,00; Angelo Pagliaro (Paola – Cs) 50,00; Giancarlo Baldassi (Sedegliano – Ud) 50,00; Mirko Piras (Nulvi – Ss) 25,00; Antonio Ciano (Gaeta – Lt) 10,00; Pasquale Messina (Milano) 20,00; Giacomo (Milano) ricordando Anacleto, 10,00; Antonia e Vittorio (Bussero – Mi) 30,00; Katia Cazzola (Milano) 10,00; Anna e Cesare Vurchio (Milano) 20,00; Giorgio Sacchetti (Arezzo) 40,00; Federico Battistutta (Gropparello – PC) 20,00; Elvira Cordella (Rovigo) 10,00; Manuela Calciolari (Mozzagrogna – Ch) 20,00; Antonella Trifoglio (Alassio – Sv) 50,00; Dino Delcaro (San Francesco al Campo – To) 20,00; Gianpiero Bottinelli (Massagno – Svizzera) 30,00. Totale euro 3.039,18.

Abbonamenti sostenitori. (quando non altrimenti specificato, trattasi di euro 100,00). Giordana Garavini (Castel Bolognese – Ra) ricordando Emma Neri e Nello Garavini; Fernando Ferretti (San Giovanni Valdarno – Ar) 150,00; Fabrizio Tognetti (Larderello – Pi); Francesco Lombardi Mantovani (Brescia); Gianni Pasqualotto (Romano d’Ezzeliono); Angelo Tirrito (Palermo); Giovanni D’Ippolito (Casole Bruzio – Cs); Massimo Ortalli (Imola – Bo) 200,00; Giuseppe Gessa (Gorgonzola – Mi); Mario Carleschi (Calcinaio – Bs); Filippo Costantini (Ponte San Giovanni – Pg); Mariangela Raimondi Riva (Milano) 150,00; Fernando Ainsa (Zaragoza – Spagna) 200,00; Massimo Pirotta (Monza); Aimone Fornaciari (Nattari – Finlandia); Graziella Zigon (Sesto San Giovanni – Mi) 150,00; Gudo Bozak (Treviso). Totale euro 2.050,00.

A subscription was sent to us reminding Giovanni Gualdi, a fellow Bergamo died January 7, 2010. A Flame Chessa, dell'Archvio Berneri Family - A. Duchess of Reggio Emilia, we asked one of his memory.

On January 7, was a year that Giovanni has left us. We lost a sincere friend, a true friend, as if they do not find it. He left quietly, not to be heard, not to disturb those who remain to mourn. We were fortunate to have known him, to have gone on a little life with a person generous, selfless, good as him, who asked nothing in return and gave that much to those who had the luck to love. Giovanni was born in Bergamo in 1961. A student of a vocational school had done political work in the extra-parliamentary left, after a factory worker in metal industry and trade union activists. In his early twenties comes close to the anarchist movement. Avid reader, reads Malatesta, Berneri, Fabbri, Reclus, etc.. and began to buy books, periodicals, with the intention of creating a small library (which was very proud), which gradually enriched with rare and better targeted purchases, taking care with particular attention to the unions.
Supporter of the Bergamo anarchist group, was one of the founders of the USI of that city, long head of the National Fund and a member of the Executive Committee, participating in many National Congress from 1986 to 2008. Active in volunteer work since 1982 until his death, Giovanni was one of the founders of the cooperative "The Laboratory" Albino (BG), which takes care to include people with disabilities in employment and social issues, teaching them working wrought iron, carpentry, organizing summer camps in Carrara, tapestries and ceramics courses.
A great friend and supporter of the Berneri Family Archives - A. Chessa, always present in all its initiatives and continued donor stuff. We will miss his presence very discreet and judgments sometimes sharp, but always thoughtful. For all this we thank him.
Juan sin Tierra (as he signed), he concluded: "Long live anarchy!"

Fiamma Chessa